TOOL Number 1: HOW TO IDENTIFY A DISCOURSE GENRE IN DIFFERENT SUBJECTS?
“Describing” does not have the same meaning in history, geography or science: to describe a historical actor or to describe a policy or an event does not require the same cognitive operations, organization of the information, or linguistic elements. Moreover, when students produce a text in history class, they must adopt the position of a history student. In math class, they must write from the point of view of a math student; the characteristics and linguistics elements are not the same as if he/she is asked to be, for example, a journalist. This tool allows subject teachers to identify the language practices, which are relevant to their subject. It is not to be distributed to the students. Column 2 (discourse genre) explains how to apply each category.