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European Centre for Modern Languages

Discover tools

The tools presented in this section are practical procedures that will help you to identify students’ language needs in your subject(s). Examples from different subjects are included.
Tool: 1 Language Descriptors

The first tool is the language descriptors, which were developed in an previous Ecml-project called Language descriptors for migrant and minority students’ success in compulsory education. The aim of the project was to indicate one or several levels of language competence that young migrant or minority learners need to have in the language of schooling to do well in mathematics and history/civics. The study focused on two school subjects and two age groups. The school subjects studied were history and/or civics, and mathematics, and the age groups were 12/13 and 15/16-year-olds.


Tool 2: Language AnalysisTemplate

The following tool, the language analysis template (link here), is meant to help subject teachers to further analyze their academic texts, tasks, and assessments for the discourse features, language functions, and the grammatical and lexical features that learners must be able to understand or produce to accomplish the content objectives. This analysis is in turn meant to guide teachers’ development of language objectives and linguistic scaffolds that will support students’ academic language and literacy development while achieving content goals. It is important to note that this is an awareness-training tool, and something that teachers might refer to at times, rather than a tool to be used for everyday planning purposes.