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European Centre for Modern Languages

Developing language awareness in subject classes

We have organized the materials on the webpage in three parts or steps, which are intertwined. 

Step 1: Planning  

The materials in this section will help you to become more aware of the difference between everyday language and the language used in school as well as of the importance of language in subject learning. You will also find here a list of references if you want to read more.

Step 2: Teaching

In this section you will find examples on practical procedures that will help you to identify students’ language needs in your subject(s). We also give you a list of different scaffolding techniques, for example, how to support your students in writing, speaking, and reading tasks, how to create teaching materials, and in what way you could draw on students’ first language in your teaching. 

Step 3: Learning

This is the phase where the student is able to reflect on his/her own learning. The self-evaluation grid in this section is based on the European Language Portfolio (ELP). A similar tool for teachers is called EPOSTL and it is also presented in this section.